G1/S Transcription factor orthologues Swi4p and Swi6p are important but not essential for cell proliferation and influence hyphal development in the fungal pathogen Candida albicans

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1128/EC.00278-10
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TypeArticle
Journal titleEukaryotic Cell
Volume10
Issue3
Pages384397; # of pages: 14
AbstractThe G1/S transition is a critical control point for cell proliferation and involves essential transcription complexes termed SBF and MBF in Saccharomyces cerevisiae or MBF in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. In the fungal pathogen Candida albicans, G1/S regulation is not clear. To gain more insight into the G1/S circuitry, we characterized Swi6p, Swi4p and Mbp1p, the closest orthologues of SBF (Swi6p and Swi4p) and MBF (Swi6p and Mbp1p) components in S. cerevisiae. The mbp1Δ/Δ cells showed minor growth defects, whereas swi4Δ/Δ and swi6Δ/Δ yeast cells dramatically increased in size, suggesting a G1 phase delay. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) of transcription profiles revealed that genes associated with G1/S phase were significantly enriched in cells lacking Swi4p and Swi6p. These expression patterns suggested that Swi4p and Swi6p have repressing as well as activating activity. Intriguingly, swi4Δ/Δ swi6Δ/Δ and swi4Δ/Δ mbp1Δ/Δ strains were viable, in contrast to the situation in S. cerevisiae, and showed pleiotropic phenotypes that included multibudded yeast, pseudohyphae, and intriguingly, true hyphae. Consistently, GSEA identified strong enrichment of genes that are normally modulated during C. albicans-host cell interactions. Since Swi4p and Swi6p influence G1 phase progression and SBF binding sites are lacking in the C. albicans genome, these factors may contribute to MBF activity. Overall, the data suggest that the putative G1/S regulatory machinery of C. albicans contains novel features and underscore the existence of a relationship between G1 phase and morphogenetic switching, including hyphal development, in the pathogen.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Biotechnology Research Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number53147
NPARC number20534551
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Record identifier8ad7b45c-293f-4300-935a-0f3d51286f15
Record created2012-08-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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