Kemano Fire Studies - Part 2: Response of a Residential Sprinkler System

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TypeTechnical Report
Series titleResearch Report, NRC Institute for Research in Construction; Volume 109
Physical description40 p.
Subjectresidential sprinkler, Kemano; Sprinklers
AbstractNRC's Fire Risk Management Program has completed an experimental study of a residential sprinkler system, using the unique opportunity of the Kemano Public Safety Initiative. A series of full-scale suppression experiments were conducted in Kemano, a deserted town in northern British Columbia. A wood-framed bi-level house (900 square feet per floor, 1800 square feet total) was used for the evaluation of a cross-linked-polyethylene (PEX-a) pipe sprinkler system. A residential sprinkler system with 11 quick response sprinkler heads (temperature rating of 68.3 degrees C or 155 degrees F) was designed and installed (in accordance with NFPA 13D) in a basement recreation room and throughout the main floor. The system was designed to prevent flashover in the room where fire originated and to allow response time for the fire department. The sprinkler system was tested four times for two fires originating in a basement recreation room, and one time each for the ground floor bedroom and the living room. Smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors and heat detectors were installed in the experimental house. The observations made included temperatures in the fire room and egress route. CO and CO2 conentrations, activation times of sprinklers and smoke, heat and CO detectors, and video records of smoke movement.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
NoteA reprint of this report was published in CASA Notes - Canada's Fire Sprinkler Industry Magazine, 2003 first, second and third issue.
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number15032
NPARC number20378836
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Record identifier8b2b2477-d5c6-4712-bb30-11403a35223a
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-10-03
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