Structure and composition of single Pt–Ru electrocatalyst nanoparticles supported on multiwall carbon nanotubes

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/1/4/045026
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TypeArticle
Journal titleMaterials Research Express
ISSN2053-1591
Volume1
Issue4
Article number045026
Pages045026-1045026-23
Subjectsingle Pt-Ru nanoparticle structure; electrocatalyst; nano-beam electron diffraction; microemulsion
AbstractIndividual Pt-Ru nanoparticles (NPs) supported on multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) synthesized by microemulsion method were characterized by nano beam diffraction (NBD) and high resolution imaging in transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Comparing the TEM images and NBD to simulations provided insight into particle composition, structure and morphology in three dimensions. In particular, the NBD allowed us to detect various components of the individual NPs that would be difficult to observe otherwise. We find that the NPs contain four different components: Pt–RuO2, Pt–Ru, RuO2 and metallic Pt. Often an individual NP is composed of more than one component. The most frequently encountered external morphology is close to a spherical shape and ~3.7 nm in diameter. The collective properties of NPs' assemblies were studied by thermogravimetry, differential thermal analysis and x-ray diffraction. The results allowed us to gain some insight into the relation of the NPs' structure and composition with their catalytic performance, and revealed the presence of components not detectable by bulk methods. The electrocatalytic properties were evaluated by CO stripping, methanol oxidation and oxygen reduction. Bulk characterization methods miss many properties and structures present in the sample due to low volume fraction and due to overlap of reflections. Single NPs should be analyzed to obtain reliable indication of sample composition.
Publication date
PublisherIOP Publishing
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Institute for Nanotechnology; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23001614
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Record identifier8bde6349-64b3-47cd-bc0c-7b3730d689fc
Record created2017-03-10
Record modified2017-03-10
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