Excellent energy–power characteristics from a hybrid sodium ion capacitor based on identical carbon nanosheets in both electrodes

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1039/C6TA01392A
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Materials Chemistry A
ISSN2050-7488
2050-7496
Volume4
Issue14
Pages51495158
AbstractWe created a hybrid Na ion capacitor (NIC) with a unique architecture and exceptional energy–power characteristics. Both the anode and the cathode are based on peanut skin derived carbon nanosheets fabricated by simultaneous carbonization and activation or by carbonization alone. The tens of nanometer thick (down to 20 nm) – high surface area (up to 2070 m² g⁻¹) nanosheets possesses a disordered structure for copious reversible binding of Na at the carbon defects. They are also hierarchically micro–meso–macro porous, allowing facile ion transport at high rates both through the pore-filling electrolyte and in the solid-state. When employed as sodium ion battery anode, the carbon shows a tremendous reversible (desodiation) capacity of 461 mA h g⁻¹ at 100 mA g⁻¹ and excellent rate capability, e.g. 107 mA h g⁻¹ at 5 A g⁻¹. The optimized NIC device displays highly favorable Ragone chart placement, e.g. 112 and 45 W h kg⁻¹ at 67 and 12 000 W kg⁻¹, retaining 85% of its capacity after 3000 cycles.
Publication date
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Institute for Nanotechnology; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23000035
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Record identifier8e281d69-5080-4cc0-9e8a-e2cee551c8ef
Record created2016-05-30
Record modified2016-05-30
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