Molecular susceptibility weighted imaging of the glioma rim in a mouse model

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneumeth.2014.01.034
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Neuroscience Methods
ISSN0165-0270
Volume226
Pages132138; # of pages: 7
AbstractBackground: Glioma is the most common and most difficult to treat brain cancer. Despite many efforts treatment, efficacy remains low. As neurosurgical removal is the standard procedure for glioma, a method, allowing for both early detection and exact determination of the location, size and extent of the tumor, could improve a patient's positive response to therapy. New method: We propose application of susceptibility weighted molecular magnetic resonance imaging using, targeted contrast agents, based on superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, for imaging of the, glioma rim, namely brain-tumor interface. Iron oxide attached to the targeted cells increases, susceptibility differences at the boundary between tumor and normal tissue, providing the opportunity, to utilize susceptibility weighted imaging for improved tumor delineation. We investigated potential, enhancement of the tumor-brain contrast, including tumor core and rim when using susceptibility, weighted MRI for molecular imaging of glioma. Results: There were significant differences in contrast-to-noise ratio before, 12 and 120. min after contrast, agent injection between standard gradient echo pulse sequence and susceptibility weighted molecular, magnetic resonance imaging for the core-brain, tumor rim-core and tumor rim-brain areas. Comparison with existing methods: Currently, the most common MRI contrast agent used for glioma diagnosis is a non-specific, gadolinium-based agent providing T1-weighted enhancement. Susceptibility-weighted magnetic, resonance imaging is much less efficient when no targeted superparamagnetic contrast agents are, used. Conclusion: The improved determination of glioma extent provided by SWI offers an important new tool for, diagnosis and surgical planning.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Human Health Therapeutics (HHT-TSH)
Peer reviewedYes
NRC numberNRC-HHT-53274
NPARC number21272269
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Record identifier8fed9c31-8912-4654-8508-b878e667055f
Record created2014-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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