Determination of major and minor components of smoke from full-scale fire tests of furnishings by FTIR spectroscopy

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ConferenceFire and Materials 2001: 22 January 2001, San Francisco, CA., U.S.A.
Pages407417; # of pages: 11
AbstractOver the last half of the 20th century, there was an increase in the use of man-made polymers, foams, composites and modified (fire-retarded) traditional materials for furnishings. With the increasing use of new materials, the measurement of a broader range of combustion products is required in small- and full-scale fire tests to provide the basis for hazard assessments. Recently, FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared) spectrometers are being used to provide additional smoke gas analysis. This approach can provide continuous quantitative monitoring for the fire gases that have characteristic spectral bands in the infrared region of the spectrum. An FTIR spectrometer was used for smoke gas analysis on a series of full-scale room fire tests with lining materials typically found in retail outlet. It was also used for a series of tests using residential furnishings (mattresses and sofas). In the latter case, tests were conducted using a calorimeter facility as well as in a ten-storey test facility. In this paper, the CO and CO2 concentrations measured using the FTIR are compared to the results obtained using the traditional IR analyzer. The results for other selected fire products and by-products will also be discussed, including the dependence of their emissions on fire conditions.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number44754
NPARC number20386349
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Record identifier90295811-3719-4c2e-9b62-2afc1b90e72c
Record created2012-07-25
Record modified2016-05-09
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