Effective transport coefficients for porous microstructures in solid oxide fuel cells

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1149/1.3205663
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Proceedings titleECS Transactions
Conference216th ECS Meeting. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Eleventh International Symposium (SOFC-XI), October 4-9, 2009, Vienna, Austria
Pages13411350; # of pages: 10
AbstractA numerical framework to compute the effective transport coefficients for porous electrode microstructures is presented. The anode and cathode electrodes of solid oxide fuel cells are discretized as porous microstructures that are formed by randomly distributed and overlapping spheres with particle size distributions that match those of actual ceramic powders. The technique involves the construction of the composite electrode microstructure based on measureable starting parameters and the subsequent numerical evaluation of the effective transport coefficients. We use both the finite volume method and the Monte-Carlo simulation to enumerate effective transport coefficients. The results of the calculations are compared with experimental data for electron conductivities for a range of solid-matrix compositions. Comparisons are also made with theoretical correlations for effective coefficients. The effect of Knudsen diffusion on effective gas diffusivity is also addressed in this paper. Numerical results are compared with a harmonic average approximation based on Bosanquet’s formula.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Chemical Process and Environmental Technology
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number51914
NPARC number15236556
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Record identifier90b3a4d5-63e4-4429-a9aa-bbe7eec2f413
Record created2010-05-18
Record modified2016-05-09
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