Energy Considerations in the Design of Northern Housing

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Journal titleBuilding Practice Note, Institute for Research in Construction, National Research Council Canada
SubjectPermafrost; Soils; cold regions; residential facilities; energy conservation; air infiltration; ventilation; costs
AbstractThe severe climatic conditions in the North (the region north of the southern limit of scattered discontinuous permafrost) and the high energy costs and consumption in northern housing are discussed. Ventilation and air exchange issues are reviewed in the context of current norms and standards. Formulae for air infiltration are applied to "tight" buildings in severe northern conditions; these indicate very high rates of air exchange. The combination of mechanical ventilation and natural air infiltration during severe conditions may result in an unexpectedly high rate of total air exchange. Northern construction issues are outlined in the context of energy conservation, and the characteristics of typical heating and heat recovery equipment are discussed. An overview of other energy issues is also provided. Current practices in the design of the building envelope in northern housing are described.
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AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
NoteAussi disponible en francais: L'Energie dans la conception des habitations nordiques
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number1113
NPARC number20378984
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Record identifier9127a53d-9e1b-4a07-a922-96b839507b2b
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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