Neuropilin 2 deficiency does not affect cortical neuronal viability in response to oxygen–glucose-deprivation and transient middle cerebral artery occlusion

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.neures.2009.12.010
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TypeArticle
Journal titleNeuroscience Research
Volume66
Issue4
Pages396401; # of pages: 6
AbstractNeuropilin 2 (NRP2) is a type I transmembrane protein that binds to distinct members of the class III secreted Semaphorin subfamily. NRP2 plays important roles in repulsive axon guidance, angiogenesis and vasculogenesis through partnering with co-receptors such as vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs) during development. Emerging evidence also suggests that NRP2 contributes to injury response and environment changes in adult brains. In this study, we examined the contribution of NRP2 gene to cerebral ischemia-induced brain injury using NRP2 deficient mouse. To our surprise, the lack of NRP2 expression does not affect the outcome of brain injury induced by transient occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAO) in mouse. The cerebral vasculature in terms of themiddle cerebral artery anatomy and microvessel density in the cerebral cortex of NRP2 deficient homozygous (NRP2-/-) mice are normal and almost identical to those of the heterozygous (NRP2+/-) and wild type (NRP2+/+) littermates. MCAO (1 h) and 24 h reperfusion caused a brain infarction of 23% (compared to the contralateral side) in NRP2-/- mice, which is not different from those in NRP2+/- and +/+ mice at 22 and 21%, respectively (n = 19, p > 0.05). Correspondingly, NRP2-/- mouse also showed a similar level of deterioration of neurological functions after stroke compared with their NRP2+/- and +/+ littermates. Oxygen–glucose-deprivation (OGD) caused a significant neuronal death in NRP2-/- cortical neurons, at the level similar to that in NRP+/+ cortical neurons (72% death in NRP-/- neurons vs. 75% death in NRP2+/+ neurons; n = 4; p > 0.05). Together, these loss-of-function studies demonstrated that despite of its critical role in neuronal guidance and vascular formation during development, NRP2 expression dose not affect adult brain response to cerebral ischemia.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biological Sciences; National ResearchCouncil Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number17475171
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Record identifier939e07e3-9b02-4cd4-9320-b046a44ab579
Record created2011-03-30
Record modified2016-05-09
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