Preparation and characterization of Ce- and La-doped Ba2In2O5 as candidates for intermediate temperature (100–500 ◦C) solid proton conductors

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2011.10.104
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Power Sources
Volume201
Pages4958; # of pages: 10
SubjectBa₂In₂O₅; Perovskites; Brownmillerites; Electrical conductivity; Proton conductivity; Fuel cells
AbstractFive different compositions of brownmillerite materials, Ce- and La-doped, and undoped Ba₂In₂O₅ were synthesized via the solid-state reaction and the glycine-nitrate combustion process. Properties of the materials were characterized using XRD, HR-TEM, and TGA/DSC techniques. Conductivity measurements by AC impedance spectroscopy, performed in air and hydrogen-containing atmospheres, in the temperature range from 100 ◦C to 500 ◦C, were correlated to the properties of the materials and revealed the effects of dopant, microstructu e, temperature and atmosphere on the total electrical conductivity of the materials. All compositions showed low conductivity in air. In hydrogen-containing atmospheres, while Ce- and La-doped Ba2In2O5 showed low conductivity (4×10−6–3×10−6 S cm−1 at 500 ◦C), undoped Ba2In2O5 demonstrated a surprisingly high conductivity (between 0.02 S cm−1 and 0.7 S cm−1 in the temperature range from 300 ◦C to 500 ◦C), especially samples produced by the glycine-nitrate process. This finding creates potential opportunity for using Ba₂In₂O₅ as a proton-conductive material in intermediate temperature fuel cells.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number19518269
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Record identifier9836bcb3-062f-412a-85ed-4d6c552e4c2d
Record created2012-02-21
Record modified2016-05-09
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