Interconnected carbon nanosheets derived from hemp for ultrafast supercapacitors with high energy

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/nn400731g
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TypeArticle
Journal titleACS Nano
ISSN1936-0851
Volume7
Issue6
Pages51315141; # of pages: 11
SubjectCarbon nanosheets; Electrochemical capacitor; Extreme current densities; High specific surface area; Hydrothermal carbonization; Multi-layered structure; Super capacitor; Supercapacitor application; Bast fibers; Biomass; Capacitance; Carbon; Energy storage; Hemp; Ionic liquids; Nanosheets; Electrolytic capacitors; Biomass; Capacitors; Carbon Fibers; Hemp; Ions; Liquids; Phloem; cannabis; graphite; nanomaterial; nitrogen; adsorption; article; chemistry; electric capacitance; electrochemistry; surface property; time; Adsorption; Cannabis; Electric Capacitance; Electrochemistry; Graphite; Nanostructures; Nitrogen; Surface Properties; Time Factors
AbstractWe created unique interconnected partially graphitic carbon nanosheets (10-30 nm in thickness) with high specific surface area (up to 2287 m 2 g-1), significant volume fraction of mesoporosity (up to 58%), and good electrical conductivity (211-226 S m-1) from hemp bast fiber. The nanosheets are ideally suited for low (down to 0 C) through high (100 C) temperature ionic-liquid-based supercapacitor applications: At 0 C and a current density of 10 A g-1, the electrode maintains a remarkable capacitance of 106 F g-1. At 20, 60, and 100 C and an extreme current density of 100 A g-1, there is excellent capacitance retention (72-92%) with the specific capacitances being 113, 144, and 142 F g -1, respectively. These characteristics favorably place the materials on a Ragone chart providing among the best power-energy characteristics (on an active mass normalized basis) ever reported for an electrochemical capacitor: At a very high power density of 20 kW kg-1 and 20, 60, and 100 C, the energy densities are 19, 34, and 40 Wh kg-1, respectively. Moreover the assembled supercapacitor device yields a maximum energy density of 12 Wh kg-1, which is higher than that of commercially available supercapacitors. By taking advantage of the complex multilayered structure of a hemp bast fiber precursor, such exquisite carbons were able to be achieved by simple hydrothermal carbonization combined with activation. This novel precursor-synthesis route presents a great potential for facile large-scale production of high-performance carbons for a variety of diverse applications including energy storage. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); National Institute for Nanotechnology (NINT-INNT)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269683
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Record identifier9a408b85-8d4d-4e7f-9fe1-51a9ff2b68c4
Record created2013-12-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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