Comparison of endogenous cytokinins, ABA and metabolites during female cone bud differentiation in low and high cone-producing genotypes of lodgepole pine

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00468-011-0585-3
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TypeArticle
Journal titleTrees - Structure and Function
Volume25
Issue6
Pages11031110; # of pages: 8
SubjectABA; cytokinins; female cone yield; genotype; hormone metabolites; lodgepole pine
AbstractIn lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. var. latifolia Engelm.), cone bud initiation within long-shoot buds varies according to genotype. We chose to study hormone profiles of two genotypes that differed significantly in cone yield. Phytohormone profiles were established by high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode with samples collected from genotypes 299 and 233, the typically high and low cone producers. Generally, concentrations of trans-zeatin-O-glucoside were higher in genotype 299, whereas dihydrozeatin concentrations were higher in genotype 233. Both isopentenyl adenine and isopentenyl adenosine were present at higher concentrations in genotype 233. The ratio of total quantifiable zeatin (Z)-type cytokinins to isopentenyl (iP)-type cytokinins was approximate three-fold higher in genotype 299 during female cone bud differentiation. In genotype 299, ABA concentration was significantly lower than in genotype 233 on the first sampling date, while the phaseic acid concentration was lower consistently throughout the period investigated. Dihydrophaseic acid was present in low concentrations in most samples of genotype 233, but was not quantifiable in genotype 299. Our study reveals that long-shoot buds of the high cone-producing genotype had higher ratios of Z-type cytokinins to iP-type cytokinins than were found in the low cone-producing genotype. High cone-producing buds also contained less ABA, phaseic acid and dihydrophaseic acid during female cone bud differentiation.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Plant Biotechnology Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number54639
NPARC number19577555
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Record identifier9bc56184-1c8a-4fbd-b276-8e3bdae63727
Record created2012-04-02
Record modified2016-05-09
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