Accelerated removal of Fe-antisite defects while nanosizing hydrothermal LiFePO₄ with Ca²⁺

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b00334
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TypeArticle
Journal titleNano Letters
ISSN1530-6984
1530-6992
Volume16
Issue4
Pages26922697
SubjectAntisite; LiFePO₄; calcium; surface; defects; hydrothermal
AbstractBased on neutron powder diffraction (NPD) and high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), we show that calcium ions help eliminate the Fe-antisite defects by controlling the nucleation and evolution of the LiFePO₄ particles during their hydrothermal synthesis. This Ca-regulated formation of LiFePO₄ particles has an overwhelming impact on the removal of their iron antisite defects during the subsequent carbon-coating step since (i) almost all the Fe-antisite defects aggregate at the surface of the LiFePO₄ crystal when the crystals are small enough and (ii) the concomitant increase of the surface area, which further exposes the Fe-antisite defects. Our results not only justify a low-cost, efficient and reliable hydrothermal synthesis method for LiFePO₄ but also provide a promising alternative viewpoint on the mechanism controlling the nanosizing of LiFePO₄, which leads to improved electrochemical performances.
Publication date
PublisherACS Publications
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationSecurity and Disruptive Technologies; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23000355
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Record identifier9c4e096d-0c16-4cab-a2cd-5894bdc25dec
Record created2016-07-08
Record modified2016-07-08
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