Theory of highly excited semiconductor nanostructures including Auger coupling: Exciton-biexciton mixing in CdSe nanocrystals

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.84.155327
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TypeArticle
Journal titlePhysical review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics
Volume84
Issue15
Pages155327-1155327-11; # of pages: 11
AbstractWe present a theory of highly excited interacting carriers confined in a semiconductor nanostructure, incorporating Auger coupling between excited states with different number of excitations. The Coulomb matrix elements connecting exciton, biexciton, and triexciton complexes are derived and an intuitive picture of breaking neutral multiexction complexes into positively and negatively charged multiexciton complexes is given. The general approach is illustrated by analyzing the coupling of biexciton and exciton in CdSe spherical nanocrystals. The electron and hole states are computed using an atomistic sp³d⁵s∗ tight binding Hamiltonian including an effective crystal field splitting and surface passivation. For each number of electron-hole pairs the many-body spectrum is computed in the configuration-interaction approach. The low-energy correlated biexciton levels are broken into charged complexes: a hole and a negatively charged trion and an electron and a positively charged trion. Out of a highly excited exciton spectrum a subspace coupled to biexciton levels via Auger processes is identified. The interaction between correlated biexciton and exciton states is treated using exact diagonalization techniques. This allows to extract the spectral function of the biexciton and relate its width and amplitude to the characteristic amplitude and time scale of the coherent time evolution of the coupled system. It is shown that this process can be described by the Fermi’s golden rule only if a fast relaxation of the excitonic subsystem is accounted for.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Microstructural Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number19371540
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Record identifier9ca8de8a-3a49-4f9a-af99-4eaea3beacbe
Record created2012-02-29
Record modified2016-05-09
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