Oxygen evolution catalyzed by nickel-iron oxide nanocrystals with a nonequilibrium phase

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.5b05594
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Journal titleACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Pages1975519763; # of pages: 9
Subjectwater oxidation; oxygen evolution; nanocrystals; nonequilibrium; nickel oxide; iron oxide; electrolysis
AbstractMixed nickel-iron oxides are of great interest as electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER), the kinetically challenging half-reaction required for the generation of hydrogen gas from water via electrolysis. Previously, we had reported the synthesis of single crystal, soluble nickel-iron oxide nanoparticles over a wide range of nickel:iron compositions, with a metastable cubic rock salt phase ([Ni,Fe]O) that can be isolated despite the low solubility of iron in cubic nickel oxide at ambient temperatures. Here, activity for OER was examined, catalyzed by these [Ni,Fe]O nanoparticles integrated with indium tin oxide (ITO) electrodes. Because the as-prepared [Ni,Fe]O nanoparticles are oleate-capped, the surface ligands needed to be removed to induce adherence to the ITO substrate, and to enable charge transfer and contact with water to enable OER catalysis. Two different approaches were taken to reduce or eliminate the coverage of oleate ligands in these films: UV irradiation (254 nm) and air plasma. UV irradiation proved to lead to better results in terms of stable and OER-active films at pH 13. Kinetic analysis revealed that the Tafel slopes of these nanoparticle [Ni,Fe]O OER electrodes were limited by the electrochemical surface area and were found to be within the range of 30 to 50 mV/decade. Across the four compositions of Ni:Fe studied, from 24:76 to 88:12, the observed overpotential at 10 mA/cm2 for the OER in basic conditions decreased from 0.47 to 0.30 V as the proportion of nickel increased from 24% to 88%.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); National Institute for Nanotechnology
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21277009
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Record identifiera19261c0-1025-4a8f-9658-951f3a1c7261
Record created2015-11-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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