Residential Fire Scenario Analysis in Ontario 1995-2003

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TypeTechnical Report
Series titleResearch Report, NRC Institute for Research in Construction; Volume 173
Physical description9 p.
AbstractThis report identifies some very important features of fatal fires in Ontario. It locates, for example, the victims' position in the houses and tentatively explains why the victims were unable to save themselves. It provides sufficient details to indicate research that can be undertaken to help make homes a safer place to live. Based on the Ontario data for the period 1995-2003, residential fires occurred most frequently in the kitchen and cooking areas. However, fatal fires are more frequent in living rooms (45.1% of fatalities) and are in general caused by a smoker's materials such as cigarettes, cigars, matches, lighters, etc. used in conjunction with smoking (37.4% of fire deaths). When a deadly fire breaks out, most of the time, upholstered furniture is the first material to be ignited (26% of fire deaths). The most probable levels for fatal fires to occur in Ontario houses are on the ground floor (59 % of deaths), the second stories (17.3% of deaths), the basements (14.8% of deaths), and the third floors (3.9 % of deaths). Fire kills because, in part, the victims are either too young or too old to react quickly and effectively to a fire emergency.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number16493
NPARC number20377999
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Record identifiera36e1dff-6de3-4d17-b640-53e8fa28c654
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-10-03
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