Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium-induced placental inflammation and not bacterial burden correlates with pathology and fatal maternal disease

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1128/IAI.01186-09
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TypeArticle
Journal titleInfection and Immunity
Volume78
Issue5
Pages22922301; # of pages: 10
AbstractFood-borne infections caused by Salmonella enterica species are increasing globally, and pregnancy poses a high risk. Pregnant mice rapidly succumb to S. enterica serovar Typhimurium infection. To determine the mechanisms involved, we addressed the role of inflammation and bacterial burden in causing placental and systemic disease. In vitro, choriocarcinoma cells were a highly conducive niche for intracellular S. Typhimurium proliferation. While infection of mice with S. Typhimurium wild-type (WT) and mutant (∆aroA and ∆invA) strains led to profound pathogen proliferation and massive burden within placental cells, only the virulent WT S. Typhimurium infection evoked total fetal loss and adverse host outcome. This correlated with substantial placental expression of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and increased serum inflammatory cytokines/chemokines, such as G-CSF, IL-6, CCL1, and KC, evoked by WT S. Typhimurium infection. In contrast, infection with high doses of S. Typhimurium ∆aroA, despite causing massive placental infection, resulted in reduced inflammatory cellular and cytokine response. While S. Typhimurium WT bacteria were dispersed in large numbers across all regions of the placenta, including the deeper labyrinth trophoblast, S. Typhimurium ∆aroA bacteria localized primarily to the decidua. This correlated with the widespread placental necrosis accompanied by neutrophil infiltration evoked by the S. Typhimurium WT bacteria. Thus, the ability of Salmonella to localize to deeper layers of the placenta and the nature of inflammation triggered by the pathogen, rather than bacterial burden, profoundly influenced placental integrity and host survival.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biological Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number17400928
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Record identifiera3768446-2433-4c6d-a54f-08cc3b05724b
Record created2011-03-25
Record modified2016-05-09
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