Substituent effects on dynamics at conical intersections: α,β-enones

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/jp074622j
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TypeArticle
Journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry A
ISSN1089-5639
Volume111
Issue47
Pages1194811960; # of pages: 13
AbstractFemtosecond time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy and high-level theoretical calculations were used to study the effects of methyl substitution on the electronic dynamics of the α,β-enones acrolein (2-propenal), crotonaldehyde (2-butenal), methylvinylketone (3-buten-2-one), and methacrolein (2-methyl-2-propenal) following excitation to the S₂(ππ*) state at 209 and 200 nm. We determine that following excitation the molecules move rapidly away from the Franck−Condon region, reaching a conical intersection promoting relaxation to the S₁(nπ*) state. Once on the S₁ surface, the trajectories access another conical intersection, leading them to the ground state. Only small variations between molecules are seen in their S₂ decay times. However, the position of methyl group substitution greatly affects the relaxation rate from the S₁ surface and the branching ratios to the products. Ab initio calculations used to compare the geometries, energies, and topographies of the S₁/S₀ conical intersections of the molecules are not able to satisfactorily explain the variations in relaxation behavior. We propose that the S1 lifetime differences are caused by specific dynamical factors that affect the efficiency of passage through the S1/S0 conical intersection.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number12327931
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Record identifiera3bb6a1e-f06f-4281-bcd6-1e7e4dfbd7d2
Record created2009-09-10
Record modified2017-03-23
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