Gradiently alloyed ZnₓCd₁₋ₓS colloidal photoluminescent quantum dots synthesized via a noninjection one-pot approach

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/jp710852q
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TypeArticle
Journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
ISSN1932-7447
Volume112
Issue13
Pages49084919; # of pages: 12
AbstractHigh-quality colloidal photoluminescent (PL) ZnCdS quantum dots (QDs) with gradient distribution of components, consisting of Cd-rich inner cores and Zn-rich outer shells, were synthesized via a noninjection one-pot approach. This newly developed synthetic approach uses zinc stearate (Zn(St)₂), cadmium acetate dihydrate (Cd(OAc)₂⋅2H₂O), and elemental sulfur as Zn, Cd, and S source compounds, respectively. The growth of the cubic-structured QDs was carried out at 240 ℃ in a reaction flask consisting of the source compounds, together with stearic acid (SA), 2,2'-dithiobisbenzothiazole (MBTS), and 1-octadecene (ODE); all of these chemicals were loaded at room temperature. The temporal evolution of the optical properties of the growing QDs, including absorption and photoemission, was monitored in detail; the evolution monitored indicates that the growth kinetics, the composition, and the distribution of the Zn and Cd in the resulting ternary ZnₓCd₁₋ₓS QDs are sensitive to feed Zn-Cd-S molar ratios. Detailed investigation on the feed Zn-Cd-S molar ratio affecting the QD growth and optical property was performed, together with detailed structural characterization by solid-state NMR including cross polarization (CP) and dipolar dephased cross polarization (DDCP); also, the resulting QDs were characterized by XPS, TEM, and XRD. Accordingly, the synthesis-structure-property relationship was explored systematically. Tuning the feed Zn-Cd-S stoichiometry, high-quality ZnₓCd₁₋ₓS QDs exhibiting sharp excitonic absorptions, narrow PL emissions with full width at half-maximum (fwhm) on the order of 19-21 nm, and high PL quantum yield (QY, up to 23%), could be fabricated with relatively low Zn and S feed amount, such as 1Zn-1Cd-1S feed molar ratio. In general, our noninjection approach features great synthetic reproducibility and is easy to scale up, with a plausible alloying mechanism of the formation of a Cd-rich core in the early growth stage, followed by a gradual formation of Zn-rich outer layers with increasing zinc content toward the surface.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences; NRC Institute for Chemical Process and Environmental Technology; NRC Institute for Microstructural Sciences
Peer reviewedNo
Identifier2107415x
NPARC number12327182
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Record identifiera4a510c4-eda7-4b42-b13d-efdb17d6e84a
Record created2009-09-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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