The effects of camelina oil and solvent extracted camelina meal on the growth, carcass composition and hindgut histology of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) parr in freshwater

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.08.019
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TypeArticle
Journal titleAquaculture
ISSN0044-8486
Volume450
Pages397404; # of pages: 8
Subjectanatomy; cells and cell components; community composition; freshwater environment; growth rate; histology; performance assessment; protein; salmonid; vegetable oil; Camelina; Camelina sativa; Salmo salar
AbstractA study was conducted to evaluate the nutritional value of experimentally solvent extracted camelina meal (SECM) and camelina oil (CO) fed to Atlantic salmon parr. Fish (initial weight: 8.4. g) were fed a control diet, or diets containing 5, 10, 15 or 20% SECM, or 50% and 100% CO substituted for fish oil in diets. Fish were reared in freshwater at 11.7. ±. 0.5. °C for 16. weeks. Weight gain from week 13 to week 16 decreased in fish fed 10% SECM, and the daily growth coefficient (DGC) was lower in both 10% (1.22) and 15% (1.22) SECM groups (p. < 0.05), but was similar between the fish fed 20% SECM (1.23) diet and the control (1.37; p ≥ 0.05) diet. The final body weight was not affected by dietary treatments. Condition factor, feed conversion ratio, protein retention ratio and hepato-somatic index were similar among all groups (p ≥ 0.05). Carcass protein, fat, ash and moisture were also unaffected. The length, width and area of simple villi in the distal intestine were unaffected by treatments (p ≥ 0.05), however, increased size of lamina propria was observed in fish fed 15 and 20% SECM diets (p < 0.05). Results suggest that fish performance was not affected by the inclusion of 5% SECM in the diet, and 50 to 100% replacement CO by fish oil.Statement of relevance. This study investigated novel feed ingredients from Camelina sativa applied in aqua-feed for Atlantic salmon. Camelina oil is as good as fish oil, and it contains health-promoting factor for fish intestine. Solvent extracted camelina meal can be used at 5% in the diet. These findings can reduce reliance on fishmeal and fish oil in the future.
Publication date
PublisherElsevier
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Aquatic and Crop Resource Development
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21277433
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Record identifiera4d9065b-f496-4d2a-9240-e97cf53ac4d2
Record created2016-03-09
Record modified2016-05-09
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