Polyethylene-based radiation grafted anion-exchange membranes for alkaline fuel cells

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2013.03.053
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Journal titleJournal of Membrane Science
Pages148157; # of pages: 10
SubjectAnion exchange membrane; Radiation grafting; Polyethylene; UHMWPE; Vinylbenzylchloride; Trimethylamine
AbstractVinyl benzyl chloride was grafted onto ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene powder (UHMWPE) by radiation grafting. The grafted powder was subsequently fabricated into membrane by melt pressing. The effect of absorbed radiation dose on the degree of grafting (DG) is discussed. The melt-flow properties of PVBC grafted PE with low degree of grafting was conducive to forming homogeneous pore-free membranes, which was confirmed by scanning electron microscopic analysis. The grafted polytheylene membranes were post functionalized with trimethylamine, followed by alkalization to obtain anion-exchange membranes (AEMs). The structures of the resulting AEMs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, which showed that the grafted membranes were successfully functionalized. The properties of the AEMs, including ion exchange capacity, water uptake, in-plane swelling, methanol uptake, methanol permeability, and hydroxide ion conductivity were investigated. The AEMs showed reasonably good chemical stability, as evidenced by the ion exchange capacity being maintained for a ong duration, even in highly alkaline conditions. The membranes exhibited a maximum ionic conductivity of 47.5 mS cm(-1) at 90 degrees Celsius (30 mS cm(-1) at 60 degrees Celsius). Methanol permeability was found to be in the order of 10(-8) cm(sq) s(-1), which is considerably lower than that of Nafion (registered). The membranes have useful properties consistent with anion exchange membranese suitable for alkaline fuel cells.
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AffiliationEnergy, Mining and Environment; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number53181
NPARC number21268534
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Record identifiera62e5198-6f45-4ab5-b6d3-bfacba78c401
Record created2013-09-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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