Current mapping of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell with a segmented current collector during the gas starvation and shutdown processes

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.07.023
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TypeArticle
Proceedings titleInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
ConferenceThe 2011 Asian Bio-Hydrogen and Biorefinery Symposium (2011ABBS), October 13-15, 2011, Bogor, Indonesia
ISSN0360-3199
Volume37
Issue20
Pages1528815300; # of pages: 13
SubjectProton exchange membrane fuel cell; Startup and shutdown processes; Reverse current; Current distribution; Current mapping; Segmented fuel cell
AbstractCurrent distribution during the gas starvation and shutdown processes is investigated in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell with an active area of 184 cm². The cell features a segmented cathode current collector. The response characteristics of the segmented single cell under different degrees of hydrogen and air starvation are explored. The current responses of the segment cells at different positions under a dummy load in the shutdown process are reported for various operating conditions, such as different dummy loads, cell temperatures, and gas humidities under no back pressure. The results show that applying a dummy load during the cell shutdown process can quickly reduce the cell potential and thereby avoid the performance degradation caused by high potentials. The currents of all the segment cells decrease with time, but the rate of decrease varies with the segment cell positions. The rate for the segment cells near the gas outlet is much higher than that of the segment cells near the gas inlet. The current of the segment cells decreases much more quickly at a lower gas humidity and high temperature. This study provides insights in the development of mitigation strategies for the degradation caused by starvation and shutdown process.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationEnergy, Mining and Environment; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
IdentifierS0360319912015984
NPARC number21268771
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Record identifiera7eb95e8-1e65-4e25-941b-8e94c6091588
Record created2013-11-12
Record modified2016-05-09
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