Synthesis, XRD, XRF, TGA/DTG/DTA/DSC, thermal conductivity, SEM, AFM, TEM, EDS, FTIR and NMR spectral studies of calcium silicate hydrate-polymer nanocomposites

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Conference4th National Symposium and Conference on Solid State Chemistry and Allied Areas: 01 December 2005, Goa University, Goa, India
Subjectpolymer, C-S-H, nanocomposite, synthesis, XRD, XRF, TGA/DTG/DTA/DSC, thermal conductivity, SEM, AFM, TEM, EDS, FTIR and NMR; Cement/Concrete
AbstractThermal performance of materials is very important in many industries, ranging from pharmacy, battery and aerospace to the electronics and construction industries. Therefore, it is highly desired to use efficient and effective testing methods to measure the thermal properties of nanocomposites [1, 2]. Thermal properties, XRD, XRF, EDS, FTIR and NMR spectra, AFM, SEM and TEM results are very important parameters for characterization of materials ranging from gaseous through liquid to solid. Therefore, it is not surprising that many authors studied the thermal properties together with XRF, XRD, spectral and microscopic studies to characterize various materials [1-8].Nanocomposites are a new class of composites, that are particle-filled polymers for which at least one dimension of the dispersed particles is in the nanometer range. Calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H)-and polymer based nanocomposites (C-S-HPN) have evoked intense research interests lately due to their unique characteristics and many commercial applications. Nanocomposites are reported to promote the thermal, mechanical, molecular barrier, flame retardant and corrosion protection properties based on the recently published results [1, 2].Various C-S-HPN were prepared by incorporating poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) into the inorganic layers of C-S-H during precipitation of quasicrystalline C-S-H from aqueous solution. The as synthesized C-S-HPN materials were characterized by EDS, FTIR and NMR spectroscopy, XRF, XRD, SEM, AFM, TEM, thermal conductivity, TGA, DTG, DTA and DSC. The XRD peaks of C-S-HPN suggest the intermediate organizations presenting both intercalation of PVA and PAA and exfoliation of C-S-H. The AFM micrographs of C-S-H, PVA, PAA and C-S-HPN with different PVA and PAA contents exhibit the significant differences in their morphologies. The effects of the material compositions on the thermal stability of various C-S-HPN along with PVA, PAA and C-S-H were studied by TGA, DTG, DTA and DSC. Three significant decomposition temperature ranges were observed on the TGA curves of all C-S-HPN. Thermal conductivity of PVA, C-S-H and C-S-HPN materials was studied in the temperature range 25-50 oC. The lowest thermal conductivity at 25 oC was observed for C-S-H; however, PVA exhibited the lowest thermal conductivity at 50 oC. C-S-HPN exhibited the highest thermal conductivity in both cases. However, the highest thermal conductivity increase was observed for C-S-H. The thermal conductivity from 25-50 oC increases are 7.03, 17.46 and 14.85 % for PVA, C-S-H and C-S-HPN materials, respectively.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
NoteAbstract Only.
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number48343
NPARC number20327754
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Record identifiera83f0683-8f87-44bb-9c36-2a80223c4ceb
Record created2012-07-18
Record modified2016-05-09
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