Analysis of cross-reactive and specific anti-carbohydrate antibodies against lippopolysaccharide from Chalamydophila psitaci

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1093/glycob/cwp198
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TypeArticle
Journal titleGlycobiology
Volume20
Pages461472; # of pages: 12
Subjectspecificity; Kdo; Chlamydia; carbohydrate; antibody
AbstractChlamydiae contain a rough-type lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of 3-deoxy-?-D-manno-oct-2-ulopyranosonic acid residues (Kdo). Two Kdo trisaccharides, 2.8/2.4- and 2.4/2.4-linked, and a branched 2.4[2.8]2.4-linked Kdo tetrasaccharide occur in Chlamydiaceae. While the 2.8/2.4-linked trisaccharide contains a family-specific epitope, the branched Kdo oligosaccharide occurs only in Chlamydophila psittaci and antibodies against it will be useful in human and veterinarian diagnostics. To overcome the generation of crossreactive antibodies that bind with high affinity to a dominant epitope formed by 2.4/2.4-linked Kdo, we immunized mice with a synthetic 2.4[2.8]-linked branched Kdo trisaccharide and used phage display of scFv to isolate recombinant antibody fragments (NH2240-31 and SAG506-01) that recognize the branched Kdo oligosaccharide with a KD of less than 10 nM. Importantly, although these antibodies used germline genes coding for an inherited Kdo recognition site, they were able clearly to distinguish between 2.4[2.8]2.4- and 2.4/2.4-linked Kdo. Sequence determination, binding data, and X-ray structural analysis revealed the basis for the improved discrimination between similar Kdo ligands and indicated that the alteration of a stacking interaction from a phenylalanine residue in the center of the combining site to a tyrosine residue facing away from the center favors recognition of branched 2.4[2.8]2.4-linked Kdo residues. Immunofluorescence tests of infected cellmonolayers using this antibody showspecific staining of C. psittaci elementary bodies that allow it to be distinguished from other pathogenic chlamydiae.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Biological Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number17401048
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Record identifiera885378d-c6aa-41de-a1d6-e615dde548c2
Record created2011-03-25
Record modified2016-05-09
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