The role of Carboxydothermus hydrogenoformans in the conversion of calcium phosphate from amorphous to crystalline state

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Journal titlePLoS ONE
Article numbere89480
Subjectbicarbonate; calcium phosphate; hydroxyapatite; magnesium; nanocrystal; nanorod; article; bacteriolysis; biofilm; biomineralization; Carboxydothermus hydrogenoformans; complex formation; controlled study; crystallization; electron microscopy; hyperthermophilic bacterium; infrared spectroscopy; nonhuman; X ray diffraction
AbstractTwo previously unknown modes of biomineralization observed in the presence of Carboxydothermus hydrogenoformans are presented. Following the addition of NaHCO3 and the formation of an amorphous calcium phosphate precipitate in a DSMZ medium inoculated with C. hydrogenoformans , two distinct crystalline solids were recovered after 15 and 30 days of incubation. The first of these solids occurred as micrometric clusters of blocky, angular crystals, which were associated with bacterial biofilm. The second solid occurred as 30-50 nm nanorods that were found scattered among the organic products of bacterial lysis. The biphasic mixture of solids was clearly dominated by the first phase. The X-ray diffractometry (XRD) peaks and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) spectrum of this biphasic material consistently showed features characteristic of Mg-whitlockite. No organic content or protein could be identified by dissolving the solids. In both cases, the mode of biomineralization appears to be biologically induced rather than biologically controlled. Since Mg is known to be a strong inhibitor of the nucleation and growth of CaP, C. hydrogenoformans may act by providing sites that chelate Mg or form complexes with it, thus decreasing its activity as nucleation and crystal growth inhibitor. The synthesis of whitlockite and nano-HAP-like material by C. hydrogenoformans demonstrates the versatility of this organism also known for its ability to perform the water-gas shift reaction, and may have applications in bacterially mediated synthesis of CaP materials, as an environmentally friendly alternative process. © 2014 Haddad et al.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Energy, Mining and Environment (EME-EME)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21272277
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Record identifiera93d885d-d6dd-4038-870f-c0a48c4a2daf
Record created2014-07-23
Record modified2016-05-09
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