Literature Review on Design Fires

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TypeTechnical Report
Series titleResearch Report, NRC Institute for Research in Construction; Volume 137
Physical description31 p.
Subjectdesign fires, pre-flashover, post-flashover, t-squared fires, fire loads; Design fires/Fire modeling; Smoke management
AbstractThis literature review was carried out to establish the state-of-the-state in the area of design fires and identify future research requirements. The work was necessitated by the need to define simulated fires (design fires) and an experimental set-up for evaluating the fire performance of Canadian houses. The main parameters affecting fire development in small rooms are identified, together with the commonly-employed methods for characterizing design fires for pre-flashover and post-flashover stages of fire development. The majority of methods employed in characterizing post-flashover design fires were found to be based on parametric equations, which attempt to correlate experimental data from various sources, whereas t-squared fires are the most widely used design fires for the pre-flashover stage. Numerous combustion data, from fire tests involving real and mock-up furniture, from various laboratories around the world, was found in the literature. However, it is not possible to collate the data in a neat and organized fashion due to the extremely large variations in furniture designs and materials. Similarly, many fire load surveys have been published over the last two decades and a large variation in fire loads was found, mainly due to geographical differences and the subjective manner in which fire loads are quantified. Most importantly, the literature review revealed an absence of fire load data for residential and commercial occupancies in Canada.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number15652
NPARC number20386293
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Record identifiera9628be1-61de-43f8-89ec-7355f5757fc2
Record created2012-07-25
Record modified2016-10-03
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