The piotron: initial performance, preparation and experience with pion therapy

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/0360-3016(82)90609-5
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TypeArticle
Journal titleInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
ISSN0360-3016
Volume8
IssueSeptember 9
Pages14991509; # of pages: 11
AbstractThe PIOTRON is a large solid angle superconducting channel built for the use of negative pi-mesons in radiotherapy. The pions are produced by protons of 590 MeV striking a target of molybdenum or beryllium. The pions are divided into 60 channels and deflected twice to enter the treatment volume radially. The momentum and the momentum band for all 60 channels can be chosen and the beam spot of Bragg peak pions at the isocenter of the applicator is a few centimeters in each direction. Dynamic scanning can thus achieve 3-dimensionally shaped treatment volumes. Two different methods are available: the ring scan, using changes of pion range; and the spot scan, involving translation of the patient through the fixed beam spot. Dose distributions of individual and multiple beams were plotted in a cylindrical water phantom. Radiobiological experiments with mammalian cells in gel and with mouse feet were performed. A special beam geometry using a sector of 15 beams was selected for the first treatments of patients with metastatic skin nodules. Six patients were treated. Acute skin reactions were scored and compared with those from orthovoltage therapy with comparable beam geometry. The RBE for 10 fractions is between 1.4 and 1.5. The next step involved treatment of patients inside water-bolus rings in preparation for dynamic therapy. Patients were then treated with the spot scan dynamic mode in the water bolus. The initial responses and reactions are favorable and confirm the feasibility and accuracy of dynamic pion therapy.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
Identifier10033543
NRC number2036
NPARC number8896756
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Record identifierab0cc1eb-a0ad-49a8-858a-762bcaf50750
Record created2009-04-22
Record modified2016-05-09
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