Gas-substrate heat exchange during cold-gas dynamic spraying

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Journal titleJournal of Thermal Spray Technology
Pages391397; # of pages: 7
SubjectCold spraying; heat transfer; jet impingement; Peclét number; temperature distribution
AbstractIn this study, the temperature distribution of the surfaces of several substrates under an impinging gas jet from a cold spray nozzle was determined. A low-pressure cold-gas dynamic spraying unit was used to generate a jet of hot compressed nitrogen that impinged upon flat substrates. Computer codes based on a finite differences method were used to solve a simplified 2D temperature distribution equation for the substrate to produce nondimensional relationships between the surface temperature and the radius of the impinging fluid jet, the axial velocity of the cold spray nozzle, the substrate thickness, and the heating time. It was found that a single profile of the transient nondimensional maximum surface temperature could be used to estimate the dimensional maximum surface temperature, regardless of the value of the compressed gas temperature. It was found further that, as the thermal conductance of the substrate increased, the maximum surface temperature of the substrate beneath the gas jet decreased. Heat exchange between the substrate and the compressed gas jet during motion of the nozzle to produce heat conduction within the substrate was characterized by the nondimensional Pecle´t number. It was found that lower Pecle´t numbers produced higher temperatures within the substrate. The close agreement of the numerical results with the experimental results suggests that the nondimensionalized results may be applied to a wide range of conditions and materials.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; Automotive
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number140350
NPARC number21268119
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Record identifierb0174a89-3ee6-4b8c-9a63-937087e1050c
Record created2013-04-15
Record modified2016-05-09
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