Methodology for quantifying the volatile mixing state of an aerosol

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1080/02786826.2016.1185509
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TypeArticle
Journal titleAerosol Science and Technology
ISSN0278-6826
1521-7388
Volume50
Issue8
Pages759772
AbstractMixing state refers to the relative proportions of chemical species in an aerosol, and the way these species are combined; either as a population where each particle consists of a single species (‘externallymixed’) or where all particles individually consist of two or more species (‘internally mixed’) or the casewhere some particles are pure and some particles consist of multiple species. The mixing state affects optical and hygroscopic properties, and quantifying it is therefore important for studying an aerosol’s climate impact. In this article, we describe a method to quantify the volatile mixing state of an aerosol using a differential mobility analyzer, centrifugal particle mass analyzer, catalytic denuder, and condensation particle counter by measuring the mass distributions of the volatile and non-volatile components of an aerosol and determining how the material is mixed within and between particles as a function of mobility diameter. Themethod is demonstrated using two aerosol samples from aminiCAST soot generator, one with a high elemental carbon (EC) content, and one with a high organic carbon (OC) content. The measurements are presented in terms of themass distribution of the volatile and non-volatilematerial, as well asmeasures of diversity and mixing state parameter. It was found that the high-EC soot nearly consisted of only pure particles where 86% of the total mass was non-volatile. The high-OC soot consisted of either pure volatile particles or particles that contained a mixture of volatile and non-volatile material where 8% of the total mass was pure volatile particles and 70% was non-volatile material (with the remaining 22% being volatile material condensed on non-volatile particles).
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationMeasurement Science and Standards; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23000248
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Record identifierb08cc989-ae30-4675-ad36-699f3802e5c9
Record created2016-06-28
Record modified2016-06-28
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