Study of the formation of soot and its precursors in flames using optical diagnostics

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Journal titleProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Pages17131738; # of pages: 26
SubjectComparative measurements; Elastic light scattering; Flame; Laser induced fluorescence; Laser induced incandescence; Optical diagnostics; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHS); Soot precursors; Combustion; Dust; Optical properties; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; Supersonic aerodynamics; Soot
AbstractSoot particle emission from combustion processes is a significant environmental and health problem. Optical detection is clearly the only viable choice for in situ PAH and soot measurement in turbulent flames. This paper reviews the considerable progress made in optical diagnostics of soot and its precursors formed this last decade. Advances include the spectroscopy of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and optical diagnostics for PAHs in flames, new approaches to identify the structure and composition of incipient soot, and the latest refinements for soot particle detection and quantification. Improvements of selective and quantitative PAH measurements have been made possible with supersonic expansion of flame extracted samples, coupled with laser induced fluorescence (jet-cooled LIF) and mass-spectroscopy combined with resonance enhanced or synchrotron selective photoionisation. More accurate description of all facets of soot particles properties (optical properties, morphology, and volume fraction) has guided recent research. In particular, optical exploration has led to new insight into soot inception, including the identification of particular soot precursors from large PAHs to nanoparticles passing through stacked PAHs, polymeric-like structures and aliphatic-linked PAHs. Despite the various improvements, the ultimate accuracy of the soot diagnostic methods such as laser induced incandescence, light extinction and elastic light scattering relies on our knowledge of the soot optical properties which may vary as a function of soot age in flames. Nonetheless, with well designed experiments, comparative measurement of sooting trends within or between flames can be acquired with accuracies needed for the validation of numerical simulations of soot formation. These optical methods have been successfully adopted to classify the sooting tendencies of a large number of hydrocarbons and to examine the effect of pressure on soot formation. The ultimate objective is certainly to use optical diagnostics to provide useful data for soot formation modelling in turbulent flames and under practical combustion. © 2012 The Combustion Institute.
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AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Measurement Science and Standards (MSS-SME)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269581
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Record identifierb4e2782a-0505-41d2-a2e0-0d29f02e1080
Record created2013-12-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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