Candels : the cosmic assembly near-infrared deep extragalactic legacy survey

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1088/0067-0049/197/2/35
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TypeArticle
Journal titleThe Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
ISSN0067-0049
Volume197
Issue2
Pages35-135-39; # of pages: 39
Subjectcosmology: observations; galaxies: high-redshift
AbstractThe Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS) is designed to document the first third of galactic evolution, over the approximate redshift (z) range 8-1.5. It will image >250,000 distant galaxies using three separate cameras on the Hubble Space Telescope, from the mid-ultraviolet to the near-infrared, and will find and measure Type Ia supernovae at z > 1.5 to test their accuracy as standardizable candles for cosmology. Five premier multi-wavelength sky regions are selected, each with extensive ancillary data. The use of five widely separated fields mitigates cosmic variance and yields statistically robust and complete samples of galaxies down to a stellar mass of 10⁹M⊙ to z ≈ 2, reaching the knee of the ultraviolet luminosity function of galaxies to z ≈ 8. The survey covers approximately 800 arcmin² and is divided into two parts. The CANDELS/Deep survey (5 σ point-source limit H = 27.7 mag) covers similar to 125 arcmin² within Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS)-N and GOODS-S. The CANDELS/Wide survey includes GOODS and three additional fields (Extended Groth Strip, COSMOS, and Ultra-deep Survey) and covers the full area to a 5σ point-source limit of H ≳ 27.0 mag. Together with the Hubble Ultra Deep Fields, the strategy creates a three-tiered "wedding-cake" approach that has proven efficient for extragalactic surveys. Data from the survey are nonproprietary and are useful for a wide variety of science investigations. In this paper, we describe the basic motivations for the survey, the CANDELS team science goals and the resulting observational requirements, the field selection and geometry, and the observing design. The Hubble data processing and products are described in a companion paper.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics
Peer reviewedYes
Identifier1105.3753
NPARC number19809246
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Record identifierb4f1d826-64bd-4875-9b32-747da74f164a
Record created2012-04-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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