Collateral circulation formation determines the characteristic profiles of contrast-enhanced MRI in the infarcted myocardium of pigs

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1038/aps.2014.158
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TypeArticle
Journal titleActa Pharmacologica Sinica
ISSN1671-4083
1745-7254
Volume36
Issue4
Pages463472
Subjectmyocardial infarction; myocardial reperfusion; contrast media; magnetic resonance imaging; gadolinium DTPA; coronary circulation; pigs; time factors
AbstractAim: To investigate the relationship between the collateral circulation and contrast-enhanced MR signal change for myocardial infarction (MI) in pigs. Methods: Pigs underwent permanent ligation of two diagonal branches of the left anterior descending artery. First-pass perfusion (FPP) MRI (for detecting myocardial perfusion abnormalities) and delayed enhancement (DE) MRI (for estimating myocardial infarction) using Gd-DTPA were performed at 2 h, 7 d and 4 weeks after the coronary occlusion. Myocardial blood flow (MBF) was evaluated using nonradioactive red-colored microspheres. Histological examination was performed to characterize the infarcts. Results: Acute MI performed at 2 h afterwards was characterized by hypoenhancement in both FPP- and DE-MRI, with small and almost unchanged FPP-signal intensity (SI) and DE-SI due to negligible MBF. Subacute MI detected 7 d afterwards showed small but significantly increaseing FPP-SI, and was visible as a sluggish hyperenhancement in DE-MRI with considerably higher DE-SI compared to the normal myocardium; the MBF approached the half-normal value. Chronic MI detected at 4 weeks afterwards showed increasing FPP-SI comparable to the normal myocardium, and a rapid hyperenhancement in DE-MRI with even higher DE-SI; the MBF was close to the normal value. The MBF was correlated with FPP-SI (r=+0.94, P<0.01) and with the peak DE-SI (r=+0.92, P<0.01) at the three MI stages. Remodeled vessels were observed at intra-infarction and peri-infarction zones during the subacute and chronic periods. Conclusion: Progressive collateral recovery determines the characteristic profiles of contrast-enhanced MRI in acute, subacute and chronic myocardial infarction in pigs. The FPP- and DE-MRI signal profiles not only depend on the loss of tissue viability and enlarged interstitial space, but also on establishing a collateral circulation.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationMedical Devices; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23000727
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Record identifierb5bc6352-61b9-48f9-b739-3620b62332a3
Record created2016-09-01
Record modified2016-09-01
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