Comprehensive comparison of chemical kinetics mechanisms for syngas/biogas mixtures

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Journal titleEnergy and Fuels
Pages61266145; # of pages: 20
SubjectCombustion; Rate constants; Sensitivity analysis; Shock tubes; Synthesis gas; Chemical kinetics mechanisms; Combustion characteristics; Counterflow configurations; Laminar flame speed; Mixture compositions; Quantitative metrics; Ignition
AbstractThe performance of the most commonly used chemical kinetics mechanisms is compared against a large set of experimental data, accumulated for syngas mixtures diluted with other gases such as CO2, H2O, N2, and CH4. These dilutes are pertinent to syngas/biogas mixtures and could have significant effects on the combustion characteristics. The laminar flame speed and ignition delay are used as quantitative metrics to compare the simulation predictions with the experimental data. The experimental data include ignition measurements obtained from shock tubes and rapid compressions, and flame speed measurements obtained from spherical bombs as well as counterflow configurations covering a wide range of temperature, pressure, and equivalence ratios. The mixture compositions are systematically categorized in this study. After exhaustive comparisons, it is found that the NUIG2013 mechanism is in closest agreement with the measured ignition delay and laminar flame speed for the investigated mixtures. However, the predictions deviated significantly from the measured ignition delays for the H2/CO/CO2, H2/CO/CH4, and H2/CO/CH4/CO2/H2O mixtures. We performed a sensitivity analysis on the ignition delay time of the H2/CO/CO2, H2/CO/CH4, and H2/CO/CH4/CO2/H2O mixtures, using the NUIG2013 mechanism to identify the reactions that are responsible for the deviations. We found that by adopting a much lower rate constant expression [k0(CO2) = 8.82 × 1019 × T[K]-1.40 (cm6/mol2/s)] for H + O2 (+CO2) = HO2 (+CO2) (R2), the NUIG2013 mechanism could accurately predict the ignition delay time of the H2/CO/CO2 mixture at low pressures (P = 1.24-2.36 atm) and low temperatures (<1025 K) range. A new rate constant expression [k3 = 2.3 × 108 × T[K]1.40 exp(-2850/T) (cm3/mol/s)] for the CH4 + OH = CH3 + H2O R3 reaction in the NUIG2013 mechanism is required to reconcile the discrepancy observed between the measured and simulated ignition delay time of the H2/CO/CH4 and H2/CO/CH4/CO2/H2O mixtures at P = 32 atm. In addition, the newly fitted rate constant expression for R3 improved the performance of the NUIG2013 mechanism in predicting the ignition delay of H2/CH4 at P = 5, 10, and 20 atm. More importantly, the modifications made to the reactions (R2) and R3 did not substantially affect the NUIG2013 mechanism's excellent predictions of the flame speed. Hence, it is recommended that the rate constant expressions for (R2) and R3 be incorporated into the NUIG2013 mechanism for any study of the combustion characteristics of biogas/syngas mixtures.
Publication date
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Aerospace (AERO-AERO)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21277066
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Record identifierb6a4c210-52e0-46ae-aa2b-b7ecd28e8495
Record created2015-11-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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