Transparent anodic TiO2 nanotube arrays on plastic substrates for disposable biosensors and flexible electronics

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2013.7409
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
ISSN1533-4880
Volume13
Issue4
Pages28852891; # of pages: 7
SubjectAnodizations; Metal oxides; Polymer substrate; Self-Organized; Thin-film depositions; Transparent; Troponin; Bioassay; Biosensors; Deposition; Film growth; Ion sources; Nanotubes; Polyimides; Polymeric films; Refractive index; Titanium; Titanium dioxide; Substrates; nanotube; plastic; titanium; titanium dioxide; article; chemistry; electronics; fluorescence; genetic procedures; immunoassay; Biosensing Techniques; Electronics; Fluorescence; Immunoassay; Nanotubes; Plastics; Titanium
AbstractExploitation of anodically formed self-organized TiO2 nanotube arrays in mass-manufactured, disposable biosensors, rollable electrochromic displays and flexible large-area solar cells would greatly benefit from integration with transparent and flexible polymeric substrates. Such integration requires the vacuum deposition of a thin film of titanium on the desired substrate, which is then anodized in suitable media to generate TiO2 nanotube arrays. However the challenges associated with control of Ti film morphology, nanotube array synthesis conditions, and film adhesion and transparency, have necessitated the use of substrate heating during deposition to temperatures of at least 300 °C and as high as 500 °C to generate highly ordered open-pore nanotube arrays, thus preventing the use of polymeric substrates. We report on a film growth technique that exploits atomic peening to achieve high quality transparent TiO2 nanotube arrays with lengths up to 5.1 μm at room temperature on polyimide substrates without the need for substrate heating or substrate biasing or a Kauffman ion source. The superior optical quality and uniformity of the nanotube arrays was evidenced by the high specular reflectivity and the smooth pattern of periodic interferometric fringes in the transmission spectra of the nanotube arrays, from which the wavelength-dependent effective refractive index was extracted for the air-TiO2 composite medium. A fluorescent immunoassay biosensor constructed using 5.1 μm-long transparent titania nanotube arrays (TTNAs) grown on Kapton substrates detected human cardiac troponin I at a concentration of 0.1 μg ml-1. Copyright © 2013 American Scientific Publishers.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); National Institute for Nanotechnology (NINT-INNT)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21269900
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Record identifierb8e2caa4-bbff-48c9-b526-2a9bbbe8c5b7
Record created2013-12-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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