Cell test method for study of alkali-carbonate rock reactivity

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Journal titleProceedings of the American Society for Testing and Materials
Pages11951206; # of pages: 12
Subjectexpansion; limestone; alkali soils; experimental methods
AbstractArgillaceous dolomitic limestone from Kingston, Ont., expands when placed in a strongly alkaline environment. Such expansion may disrupt concrete that contains aggregate made from this rock. A cell technique has been developed to test samples for reactivity. The apparatus is described and results are illustrated with reference to eight samples of concrete. Petrographic, mineralogical, and chemical analyses are given for the samples tested. The cell technique is discussed in relation to other test methods. It is possible to recogonize potentially reactive carbonate rocks petrographically, but it is not possible to predict the amount of expansion a particular sample will produce. Linear measurements of concrete beams give reliable results, but the cell technique is more rapid. Dimensional change measurements of rock prisms soaked in alkali may give erroneous results if undetected microcracks develop. It is also difficult to allow for anisotropic properties of rocks, and many samples must be studied if the results are to be representative of a quarry. The cell technique eliminates these difficulties; powder is used and the expansive reaction may be smoothly followed to completion.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number7685
NPARC number20359193
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Record identifierb9c076ed-4057-4247-96cc-9ecda98b1719
Record created2012-07-20
Record modified2016-05-09
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