The carboxyl terminus of myosin binding protein C (MyBP-C, C-protein) specifies incorporation into the A-band of striated muscle

  1. Get@NRC: The carboxyl terminus of myosin binding protein C (MyBP-C, C-protein) specifies incorporation into the A-band of striated muscle (Opens in a new window)
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Journal titleJournal of Cell Science
Pages101111; # of pages: 11
AbstractMyosin binding protein-C (MyBP-C), also known as C-protein, is a major constituent of the thick filaments of vertebrate striated muscles. The protein, approximately 130 kDa, consists of a series of 10 globular motifs (numbered I to X) each of approximately 90-100 amino acids, bearing resemblance to the C2-set of immunoglobins (Ig C2) and to the fibronectin type III (FnIII) motifs. Using pure preparations of myosin and MyBP-C, it has been demonstrated that the major myosin binding domain of MyBP-C resides within the C-terminal Ig C2 motif (motif X). However, in the context of the in vivo thick filament, it is uncertain if the latter domain is sufficient to target MyBP-C correctly to the A-band or if other regions of the molecule are required for this process. To answer this question, cultures of skeletal muscle myoblasts were transfected with expression plasmids encoding seven truncation mutants of MyBP-C, and their targeting to the A-band investigated by immunofluorescence microscopy. To distinguish the recombinant proteins from endogenous MyBP-C, a myc epitope was inserted at each amino terminus. Recombinant MyBP-C exhibited an identical distribution in the sarcomere to that of native MyBP-C; i.e. it was found exclusively in the C-zone of the A-band. A mutant encoding the C-terminal 372 amino acids, but lacking motifs I-VI (termed delta 1-6), also targeted correctly to the A-band. This fragment, which is composed of two Ig C2 and two FnIII motifs, was the minimal protein fragment required for correct A-band incorporation. Larger amino-terminal deletions or deletion of motif X, the myosin binding domain, abolished all localization to the A-band. One construct (delta 10) lacking only motif X strongly inhibited myofibril assembly. We conclude that the myosin binding domain of MyBP-C, although essential, is not sufficient for correct incorporation into the A-band and that motifs VII to IX are required for this process. The data suggest a topological model in which MyBP-C is associated with the thick filament through its C terminus.
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NPARC number12337905
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Record identifierba3d9b24-ddfb-4f65-9c49-b297eced334f
Record created2009-09-10
Record modified2016-05-09
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