Effect of surface charge on the cellular uptake and cytotoxicity of fluorescent labeled cellulose nanocrystals

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/am1006222
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TypeArticle
Journal titleACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume2
Issue10
Pages29242932; # of pages: 9
Subjectcellulose nanocrystal; fluorescence; rhodamine B isothiocyanate; fluorescein isothiocyanate; cytotoxicity; cell imaging; drug delivery; env; bio
AbstractProbing of cellular uptake and cytotoxicity was conducted for two fluorescent cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs): CNC-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and newly synthesized CNC-rhodamine B isothiocyanate (RBITC). The positively charged CNC-RBITC was uptaken by human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK 293) and Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells without affecting the cell membrane integrity. The cell viability assay and cell-based impedance spectroscopy revealed no noticeably cytotoxic effect of the CNC-RBITC conjugate. However, no significant internalization of negatively charged CNC-FITC was observed at physiological pH. Indeed, the effector cells were surrounded by CNC-FITC, leading to eventual cell rupture. As the surface charge of CNC played an important role in cellular uptake and cytotoxicity, facile surface functionalization together with observed noncytotoxicity rendered modified CNC as a promising candidate for bioimaging and drug delivery systems.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Biotechnology Research Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number53346
NPARC number16751229
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Record identifierbc134b14-e0f9-4f60-8637-1214ecec55a1
Record created2011-03-31
Record modified2016-05-09
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