Structural and ligand-binding properties of a truncated form of Bacillus anthracis adenylate cyclase and of a catalytically inactive variant in which glutamine substitutes for lysine-346

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/bi00224a008
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TypeArticle
Journal titleBiochemistry
ISSN0006-2960
1520-4995
Volume30
Issue10
Pages26192624
AbstractA truncated, 541-residue-long, Bacillus anthracis adenylate cyclase was expressed in Escherichia coli. The purified protein (CYA 62) exhibited catalytic and CaM-binding properties identical with those of the wild-type enzyme secreted by B. anthracis. The analysis of the secondary structure of the CYA 62 protein by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and circular dichroism revealed the dominance of β-type structure. The protein shows a relatively low thermal stability with the midpoint denaturation temperature at 45ºC. A catalytically inactive varient of CYA 62 in which Gln substituted for Lys-346 (CYA 62 K346Q) was comparatively analyzed for its secondary structure and thermal stability, as well as ligand-binding properties with fluorescent derivaties of ATP and calmodulin. The K346Q variant of CYA 62 has a similar secondary structure and comparable calmodulin binding porperties to those of the parent protein and exhibits only slightly reduced thermal stability (the apparent midpoint denaturation temperature is at 43ºC). Despite these similarities, the binding of 3'-anthraniloyl-2'-deoxy-ATP (a fluorescent ATP analogue) to the modified protein is severely impaired, from which we conclude that the prime function of Lys-346 in the wild-type enzyme from B. anthracis is to ensure tight binding of the nucleotide substrate to the active site.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number32284
NPARC number23001494
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Record identifierc1e88bb2-cebd-4347-a225-2852d6d56c1e
Record created2017-02-20
Record modified2017-02-20
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