Carboxy-monopeptidase substrate specificity of human cathepsin X

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.01.150
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TypeArticle
Journal titleBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume329
Issue2
Pages445452; # of pages: 8
SubjectAcids; Amino Acids; Cathepsins; Cysteine; Human; pha; Protease; Substrate Specificity
AbstractCathepsin X is a papain-like cysteine protease with restricted positional specificity, acting primarily as a carboxy-monopeptidase. We mapped the specificities at the S2, S1, and S1' subsites of human cathepsin X by systematically and independently substituting the P2, P1, and P1' positions of the carboxy-monopeptidase substrate Abz-FRF(4NO(2)) with natural amino acids. Human cathepsin X has broad S2, S1, and S1' specificities within two orders of magnitude in k(cat)/K-M, excluding proline that is not tolerated at these subsites. Glycine is not favored in S2, but is among the preferred residues in S1 and S1', which highlights S2 as the affinity-determinant subsite. The presence of peculiar residues at several binding site positions (Asp76, His234, Asn75, and Glu72) does not translate into a markedly different sequence specificity profile relative to other human cathepsins. These findings suggest that a specific function of human cathepsin X is unlikely to result from sequence specificity, but rather from a combination of its unique positional specificity and the co-localization of enzyme and substrate in a specific cellular environment. Crown Copyright (c) 2005 Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Biotechnology Research Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number46237
NPARC number3539722
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Record identifierc252908b-6859-4f34-8a99-36b0342b1702
Record created2009-03-01
Record modified2016-05-09
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