A review of catalysts for the electroreduction of carbon dioxide to produce low-carbon fuels

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1039/c3cs60323g
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TypeArticle
Journal titleChemical Society Reviews
ISSN0306-0012
Volume43
Issue2
Pages631675; # of pages: 45
AbstractThis paper reviews recent progress made in identifying electrocatalysts for carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction to produce low-carbon fuels, including CO, HCOOH/HCOO-, CH2O, CH4, H 2C2O4/HC2O4 -, C2H4, CH3OH, CH3CH2OH and others. The electrocatalysts are classified into several categories, including metals, metal alloys, metal oxides, metal complexes, polymers/clusters, enzymes and organic molecules. The catalyts' activity, product selectivity, Faradaic efficiency, catalytic stability and reduction mechanisms during CO2 electroreduction have received detailed treatment. In particular, we review the effects of electrode potential, solution-electrolyte type and composition, temperature, pressure, and other conditions on these catalyst properties. The challenges in achieving highly active and stable CO2 reduction electrocatalysts are analyzed, and several research directions for practical applications are proposed, with the aim of mitigating performance degradation, overcoming additional challenges, and facilitating research and development in this area. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Energy, Mining and Environment (EME-EME)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21270782
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Record identifierc42563a0-b13d-472d-8b1b-37112d877ced
Record created2014-02-17
Record modified2016-05-09
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