Development of a fuel package for use in the fire performance of houses project

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Conference2007 Fire and Materials Conference: 29 January 2007, San Francisco
Pages114; # of pages: 14
Subjectfire load, heat release rate, cone calorimeter, open calorimeter; Fire
AbstractThis paper presents results from medium- and room-scale experiments which were conducted in order to develop a fuel package to simulate a fire in a residential basement room as part of a project to investigate fires in basements in residential dwelling units. In order to achieve realistic fire growth, repeatability across tests and simplicity of the fuel package configuration, a fuel package consisting of a mock-up sofa constructed with exposed polyurethane foam (PUF) and wood cribs was developed. The polyurethane foam used for constructing the mock-up sofa was selected from PUF foams typically used to manufacture upholstered furniture based on the results of bench-scale and medium-scale tests conducted using a cone calorimeter and a 2 MW open calorimeter. Additional medium-scale tests were conducted in the open calorimeter with sections of used sofas, mock-up sofas and wood cribs of different sizes in order to provide information on heat release rates and products of combustion. The fire growth of the mock-up sofas generally lay between a fast- and ultra-fast t-squared fire curve and displayed a rapid fire decay following attainment of the peak heat release rate. Based on the results of a fire load survey and analysis of the results, the fuel package for simulating a residential basement fire was configured to include a full-size PUF mock-up sofa and 136.5 kg of wood cribs.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number45582
NPARC number20378334
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Record identifierc49df36f-8202-4066-8696-25d8b8716b97
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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