Dissection of the phytohormonal regulation of trichome formation and biosynthesis of the anti-malarial compound artemisinin in Artemisia annua plants

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03466.x
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TypeArticle
Journal titleNew Phytologist
Volume189
Issue1
Pages176189; # of pages: 14
SubjectArtemisinin; glandular trichome; sesquiterpene lactone; jasmonate; cytokinin; gibberellin; fatty acyl-CoA reductase; cDNA-AFLP transcript profiling
Abstract• Biosynthesis of the sesquiterpene lactone and potent anti-malarial drug artemisinin occurs in glandular trichomes of Artemisia annua plants and is subjected to a strict network of developmental and other regulatory cues. • The effects of three hormones, jasmonate, gibberellin, and cytokinin, were studied at the structural and molecular level in two different A. annua chemotypes by microscopic analysis of gland development, and by targeted metabolite and transcript profiling. Furthermore, a genome-wide cDNA-AFLP-based transcriptome profiling was carried out of jasmonate-elicited leaves at different developmental stages. • Although cytokinin and gibberellin positively affected at least one aspect of gland formation, these two hormones did not stimulate artemisinin biosynthesis. Only jasmonate simultaneously promoted gland formation and coordinated transcriptional activation of biosynthetic gene expression, which ultimately lead to increased sesquiterpene lactone accumulation with chemotype-dependent effects on the distinct pathway branches. Transcriptome profiling revealed a trichome-specific fatty acyl-CoA reductase, TFAR1, the expression of which correlates with trichome development and sesquiterpene biosynthesis. • TFAR1 is potentially involved in cuticular wax formation during glandular trichome expansion in leaves and flowers of A. annua plants. Analysis of phytohormone-modulated transcriptional regulons provides clues to dissect the concerted regulation of metabolism and development of plant trichomes.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Plant Biotechnology Institute; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NRC number54623
NPARC number18935335
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Record identifierc6643811-5241-4616-b67e-ee15b978ec86
Record created2012-04-02
Record modified2016-05-09
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