Absolute rate constants for some reactions of perfluoro-n-alkyl radicals in solution

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/ja00080a012
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of the American Chemical Society
ISSN0002-7863
Volume116
Issue1
Pages99104; # of pages: 6
AbstractAbsolute rate constants have been measured at 298 ± 2 K for some reactions of C2F5·, n-C3F7·, n-C7F15·, and n-C8F17· by time- resolved (laser flash photolysis) and competition kinetics. The last three of these radicals exhibit essentially equal reactivities, but C2F5· is somewhat more reactive. The strongly electrophilic nature of these radicals is illustrated by an outstanding Hammett correlation for the addition of n- C8F17· to four para-substituted styrenes, log(k(add)/(X)/k(add)/(H)) = - 0.53σ, (r) = 0.99 (X = p-CH3O to p-CF3), and, far more significantly, by a respectable correlation, (r) = 0.97, of log k(add) with the ionization potentials (IP) of 13 terminal olefins, the values of k(add) for n-C3F7· ranging from 1.6 x 106 to 2.2 x 106 M-1 s-1 for CH2=CHCN (IP = 10.91 eV) to 7.9 x 107 to 8.9 x 107 M-1 s-1 for α-methylstyrene (IP = 8.19 eV). The n-C8F17· radical is 100 times as reactive in hydrogen atom abstraction from tri-n-butyltin hydride as an n-alkyl radical, with k(abs)/(H) (n-C7F15·) = 2.0 x 108 M-1 s-1.
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LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21276450
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Record identifierc67e13d1-14f8-4927-995e-03510f4d4803
Record created2015-10-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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