High-rise office egress: the human factors

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ConferenceSymposium on High-Rise Building Egress Stairs: 15 May 2007, New York, N.Y.
Pages15; # of pages: 5
Subjectevacuation, behaviour, fire safety, high-rise; Human behaviour
AbstractThis paper summarizes the results of several studies that have assessed the human factors that affect egress from high-rise office towers during emergencies. The observations are based on the review of evacuation drills and interviews with evacuees following incidents. It presents the sequences of occupant response including: possible initial inaction due to ignorance or disbelief, and a move to action based on cues such as the smell of burning, the sight of smoke, the flickering of lights, or a tremor in the building; route selection once the decision to take action has been made; and behaviour inside stairwells. It also presents factors that affect exit capacity and the suitability of models for estimating exit times.
Publication date
AffiliationNRC Institute for Research in Construction; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number49496
NPARC number20377311
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Record identifierc6fa956e-7b93-4f6b-bef5-d4c7d418e1f2
Record created2012-07-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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