CYFIP2 is highly abundant in CD4+ cells from multiple sclerosis patients and is involved in T cell adhesion

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1002/eji.200324726
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TypeArticle
Journal titleEuropean Journal of Immunology
ISSN0014-2980
Volume34
IssueMarch 4
Pages12171227; # of pages: 11
SubjectHuman; T lymphocytes; Multiple sclerosis; Adhesion molecules and signal transduction
AbstractDNA microarray profiling of CD4+ and CD8+ cells from non-treated relapsing and remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) patients determined that the cytoplasmic binding partner of fragile X protein (CYFIP2, also called PIR121) was increased significantly compared to healthy controls. Western analysis confirmed that CYFIP2 protein was increased approximately fourfold in CD4+ cells from MS compared to inflammatory bowel disorder (IBD) patients or healthy controls. Because CYFIP2 acts as part of a tetrameric complex that regulates WAVE1 activation we hypothesized that high levels of CYFIP2 facilitate T cell adhesion, which is elevated in MS patients. Several findings indicated that increased levels of CYFIP2 facilitated adhesion. First, adenoviral-mediated overexpression of CYFIP2 in Jurkat cells increased fibronectin-mediated adhesion. Secondly, CYFIP2 knock-down experiments using antisense oligodeoxynucleotides reduced fibronectin-mediated binding in Jurkat and CD4+ cells. Thirdly, inhibition of Rac-1, a physical partner with CYFIP2 and regulator of WAVE1 activity, reduced fibronectin-mediated adhesion in Jurkat and CD4+ cells. Finally, inhibition of Rac-1 or reduction of CYFIP2 protein decreased fibronectin-mediated adhesion in CD4+ cells from MS patients to levels similar to controls. These studies suggest that overabndance of CYFIP2 protein facilitates increased adhesion properties of T cells from MS patients.
Publication date
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Copyright noticeThe material in this document is covered by the provisions of the Copyright Act, by Canadian laws, policies, regulations and international agreements. Such provisions serve to identify the information source and, in specific instances, to prohibit reproduction of materials without written permission
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNRC Institute for Nutrisciences and Health (INH-ISNS); National Research Council Canada
Access conditionavailable
unlimited
public
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number9148843
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Record identifierc7d1039c-de1c-41c3-91e0-0527c5d35710
Record created2009-10-02
Record modified2016-05-09
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