Two-dimensional incommensurate and three-dimensional commensurate magnetic order and fluctuations in La2-xBaxCuO4

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.88.014412
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TypeArticle
Journal titlePhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
ISSN1098-0121
Volume88
Issue1
Article number14412
AbstractWe present neutron-scattering measurements on single crystals of lightly doped La2-xBaxCuO4, with 0≤x≤0.035. These reveal the evolution of the magnetism in this prototypical doped Mott insulator from a three-dimensional (3D) commensurate (C) antiferromagnetic ground state, which orders at a relatively high TN, to a two-dimensional (2D) incommensurate (IC) ground state with finite-ranged static correlations, which appear below a relatively low effective TN. At low temperatures, the 2D IC magnetism coexists with the 3D C magnetism for doping concentrations as low as ∼0.0125. We find no signal of a 3D C magnetic ground state by x∼0.025, consistent with the upper limit of x∼0.02 observed in the sister family of doped Mott insulators, La2-xSrxCuO 4. The 2D IC ground states observed for 0.0125≤x≤0.035 are diagonal, and are rotated by 45 degrees within the orthorhombic basal plane compared with those previously reported for samples with superconducting ground states: La2-xBaxCuO4, with 0.05≤x≤0.095. We construct a phase diagram based solely on magnetic order-parameter measurements, which displays much of the complexity of standard high-temperature superconductivity phase diagrams discussed in the literature. Analysis of high-energy resolution inelastic neutron scattering at moderately low temperatures shows a progressive depletion of the very low-energy dynamic magnetic susceptibility as x increases from 0.0125 to 0.035. This low-energy, dynamic susceptibility falls off with increasing temperature on a scale much higher than the effective 2D IC TN appropriate to these materials. Appreciable dynamic 2D IC magnetic fluctuations inhabit much of the "pseudogap" regime of the phase diagram. ©2013 American Physical Society.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC); Security and Disruptive Technologies
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21271857
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Record identifierc8fd9868-934f-4739-a37b-97483477f5a6
Record created2014-04-24
Record modified2016-05-09
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