Pentavalent single-domain antibodies reduce Campylobacter jejuni motility and colonization in chickens

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0083928
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EditorSearch for: Mantis, Nicholas J.
TypeArticle
Journal titlePLoS ONE
ISSN1932-6203
Volume8
Issue12
Article numbere83928
Pages112
AbstractCampylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of bacterial foodborne illness in the world, with symptoms ranging from acute diarrhea to severe neurological disorders. Contaminated poultry meat is a major source of C. jejuni infection, and therefore, strategies to reduce this organism in poultry, are expected to reduce the incidence of Campylobacter-associated diseases. We have investigated whether oral administration of C. jejuni-specific single-domain antibodies would reduce bacterial colonization levels in chickens. Llama single-domain antibodies specific for C. jejuni were isolated from a phage display library generated from the heavy chain IgG variable domain repertoire of a llama immunized with C. jejuni flagella. Two flagella-specific single-domain antibodies were pentamerized to yield high avidity antibodies capable of multivalent binding to the target antigen. When administered orally to C. jejuni-infected two-day old chicks, the pentabodies significantly reduced C. jejuni colonization in the ceca. In vitro, the motility of the bacteria was also reduced in the presence of the flagella-specific pentabodies, suggesting the mechanism of action is through either direct interference with flagellar motility or antibody-mediated aggregation. Fluorescent microscopy and Western blot analyses revealed specific binding of the anti-flagella pentabodies to the C. jejuni flagellin.
Publication date
PublisherPLOS
LanguageEnglish
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number23000585
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Record identifierc9f638d2-25f9-438f-b2d9-52b5cfa4d3a6
Record created2016-08-03
Record modified2016-08-03
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