Optimum dietary ratio of digestible protein and energy for juvenile American eel, Anguilla rostrata, fed practical diets

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2095.2001.00175.x
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TypeArticle
Journal titleAquaculture Nutrition
Volume7
Issue4
Pages213220; # of pages: 8
SubjectAmerican eel; Anguilla rostrata; digestibility; energy; phosphate; protein
AbstractTriplicate groups of juvenile American eel, Anguilla rostrata, initial weight 8.2 ± 0.24 g, were fed to satiation herring meal based diets formulated with digestible protein/digestible energy (DP/DE) ratios of 19, 20, 21, 22 and 23 g DP MJ DE⁻¹ (as-fed basis) for 84 days. Data were collected to determine the effect of dietary DP/DE ratio on feed intake (FI), mean weight (MW), specific growth rate (SGR), feed conversion ratio (FCR), apparent digestibility (AD) of major nutrients, rate of phosphate excretion (RPE) and nutrient retention efficiency (RE). Highest MW, SGR and lowest FCR (P < 0.05) were achieved by feeding 22 g DP MJ DE⁻¹ with values (mean ± SE) of 22.9 ± 0.07 g fish⁻¹, 1.23 ± 0.033% day⁻¹ and 0.91 ± 0.075 g feed g gain⁻¹, respectively. With exception of lipid, digestibility of all nutrients were the same (P > 0.05) with mean AD coefficients for organic matter, protein, energy and phosphorous of 86.3, 94.1, 89.2 and 34.7%, respectively. Lipid AD was significantly higher (P < 0.05) when DP/DE ratio was 21, 22 or 23 g DP MJ DE⁻¹ at 92.3% as opposed to when DP/DE ratio was 19 or 20 g DP MJ DE⁻¹ at 90.3%. The DP/DE ratio had no significant effect (P > 0.05) on RPE and it averaged 0.05 ± 0.002 g phosphate kg fish⁻¹ day⁻¹. Nitrogen retention efficiency (NRE) significantly (P < 0.05) increased as DP/DE ratio increased to 21 g DP MJ DE⁻¹ and was similar thereafter (P > 0.05) at an average of 31.6 ± 0.67%. Energy retention efficiency (ERE) significantly (P < 0.05) increased to 42.9 ± 1.24% as DP/DE ratio increased to 22 g DP MJ DE⁻¹ and thereafter significantly (P < 0.05) decreased. Lipid retention efficiency (LRE) increased significantly (P < 0.05) to 75.7 ± 0.85% as dietary DP/DE ratio increased to 23 g DP MJ DE⁻¹. Non-linear quadratic regression of ERE against dietary DP/DE ratio yielded an estimated optimum DP/DE ratio for juvenile American eel of 22.1 g DP MJ DE⁻¹.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada; NRC Institute for Marine Biosciences
Peer reviewedNo
NRC number54683
NPARC number21193287
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Record identifiercaa8ab06-501d-40f3-b207-a450c2ac114d
Record created2013-01-14
Record modified2016-05-09
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