Oxygen reduction reaction in 1-butyl-1-methyl-pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide: Addition of water as a proton species

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1149/2.008404jes
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of the Electrochemical Society
ISSN0013-4651
Volume161
Issue4
PagesA451A457
SubjectBis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl)imide; Electrochemical behaviors; Electrochemical window; One-electron transfer; Oxygen reduction reaction; Positive potential; Room temperature ionic liquids; Rotating ring-disk electrode techniques; Electron transitions; Ionic liquids; Mixtures; Oxygen; Protons; Electrolytic reduction
AbstractIn this work, the physical and electrochemical behavior in a room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL), 1-butyl-1-methyl-pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (BMP-TFSI) has been investigated. Water was added to BMP-TFSI and the effect of added water on conductivity, electrochemical window (ECW) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) was explored. The results show that for water amounts up to 1.0 wt%, water addition to BMP-TFSI slightly increases the conductivity of BMP-TFSI due to "shear relaxation" in the water-ionic liquid mixture. As a result of an "impurity effect", an increase in water addition to BMP-TFSI brings about a reduction in the ECW for the mixture. The rotating ring-disk electrode (RRDE) technique has confirmed that the ORR process in as-received BMP-TFSI can be assigned to one-electron transfer: O2 + e- h- O2-*. The reversibility of the O2/O2-* redox couple is greatly reduced with the addition of water. The suppressed anodic peak is likely attributable to the fact that the superoxide readily reacts with water. In water added BMP-TFSI, the ORR peak occurs at a more positive potential with an increased current density. The improved ORR activity is attributed to a proton effect and the increase in electron transfer number of the ORR in water added BMP-TFSI.
Publication date
PublisherThe Electrochemical Society
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationEnergy, Mining and Environment; National Research Council Canada
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21272769
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Record identifiercb630995-dc11-44f0-a3b1-323c4cee1b10
Record created2014-12-03
Record modified2016-05-09
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