Electronic absorption spectra of some alkoxyl radicals. An experimental and theoretical study

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DOIResolve DOI: http://doi.org/10.1021/ja00115a005
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TypeArticle
Journal titleJournal of the American Chemical Society
ISSN0002-7863
Volume117
Issue10
Pages27112718; # of pages: 8
AbstractThe visible and UV absorptions of a variety of alkoxyl radicals have been examined by experiment and theory. In most solvents, the tert-butoxyl radical shows only a weak "tail-end" absorption in the UV region of the spectrum and no absorption in the visible region. However, a visible absorption band has been observed (λmax = 440 nm) in the presence of 1,3,5-trimethoxybenzene. This absorption band provides the first unequivocal evidence for the existence of alkoxyl radical/electron-rich aromatic π-complexes. By way of contrast, a solvent-independent absorption in the visible is observed for (arylcarbinyl)oxyl radicals, e.g., benzyloxyl (λmax = 460 nm, ∈ = 1300 M-1 cm-1) and cumyloxyl (λmax = 485 nm, ∈ = 1300 M- cm-1). Electron-donating substituents on the aromatic ring shift the visible absorption to the red by 25-30 nm for a 4-methyl group and by 100-105 nm for a 4-methoxy group. However, α-substitution has only a minor effect on λmax, e.g., 530 and 535 nm for diphenylmethoxyl and 1,1-diphenylethoxyl, respectively. The visible absorption appears to be virtually uninfluenced by the (calculated) magnitude of the dihedral angle, θ, between the C-O. bond and the plane of the aromatic ring, e.g., indan-1-oxyl, θ ∼ 51°, λmax = 530 nm, and Tetralin-1-oxyl, θ ∼ 33° (major conformer), λmax = 520 nm, vs benzyloxyl and cumyloxyl, both of which have θ ∼ 0°. All of these experimental observations are well-matched by theory, which reveals that the visible absorptions of (arylcarbinyl)oxyl radicals are due to D0(A″) → D2(A″) (π → π*) transitions which increase the negative charge on the oxygen atom and have respectable oscillator strengths. The unpaired electron is largely localized in the oxygen 2p orbital which is perpendicular to the plane of the aromatic ring.
Publication date
LanguageEnglish
AffiliationNational Research Council Canada (NRC-CNRC)
Peer reviewedYes
NPARC number21276526
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Record identifiercbbdebf1-bbc9-40b0-886a-5fbb502e188e
Record created2015-10-13
Record modified2016-05-09
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